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13 Saturday , April, 2024
Official Portal of Cairo Governorate
Top News

Introduction

Cairo is a charming city whose streets tell the history of Egypt’s ancient civilization that influenced other cultures throughout the ages.  It is home to a variety of monuments and landmarks representing the diversity of Egyptian culture.

 

  

If you are interested in pharaonic history, you cannot miss city of Heliopolis, the oldest city of ancient Egypt located in the Ain shams area. While the Babylon Fortress is a fine example of Greek and Romanian civilization in Cairo. You cannot also miss the Hanging Church, Cairo's oldest churches, and Virgin Mary's tree site.

 

As for Islamic Cairo with its unique architecture style is manifested in its famous mosques, citadels built when Amr ibn El-Aas started the Islamic conquest on Egypt in 641 AD.

 

  

Islamic Cairo was divided into three main cities: Al-Fustat, Al-Askar, and Al-Qata’i. They were established during the Abbasid Era.  Cairo also houses Al-Azhar Mosque and University, a fundamental Islamic monument founded by the Fatimid leader El -Muizz Ledin Allah.

 

Islamic Cairo remains one of the most outstanding touristic places in Egypt and a witness to the foundation of the finest Islamic architectures such as Citadel of Salah El-Din, Madrassa and Mausoleum of Sultan Barquq, Mosque and Mausoleum of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay, Khan El Khalili, Al-Rifa'i Mosque and El-Hussein Mosque. So, with its splendid and rich ancient history, Cairo is one of the most historic and touristic destinations in Egypt and in the Middle East.

 

Cairo, Meaning and Origin

Cairo’s official name is al-Qāhirah which mean "the Vanquisher" or "the Conqueror" or "the Victorious". Cairo was established by the Fatimids under the leadership of General Jawhar al-Siqilli who took his orders from the Fatimid Caliph El-Mo’ez Ledin Allah to be the new capital for the Fatimid Dynasty. First it was named Al-Mansuriyyah then it was changed to be Al-Qahira "Cairo" after the conqueror Planet "Mars" as it is known among the historians.  Cairo is known by many names such as "City of a thousand minarets" because of the abundance of the mosques in it and also "Qahirat El-Mo’ez".              

 

Cairo's National Day

Cairo celebrates its National Day on 6th of July the day in which General Jawhar al-Siqilli laid the foundation stone of Cairo in 969 AD.

 

Cairo's Logo

Al-Azhar Mosque Islam's minaret and  platform in the whole world is the official logo of Cairo.

 

 

Cairo location

Cairo city is located on the Eastern bank of the Nile River and surrounded by Qalyubia province on the north and uninhabited desert on the south and the Giza province and the Nile River on the west. Cairo is the largest city in Egypt and it is also part of the Greater Cairo that includes Cairo, Qalyubia and Giza.

 

Cairo, the largest city in Africa, is located on the Nile River, 160 kilometers (100 miles) inland from the Mediterranean Sea and 135 kilometers (80 miles) west of the Red Sea.   

 

The Administrative Division of Cairo

Cairo City consists of 4 areas divided into 38 districts:

The North Area divided to 8 Districts

The East Area divided to 9 Districts

The west Area divided to 9 Districts

The South Area divided to 12 Districts

 

Cairo also has three new cities which are New Cairo, El Shorouk and Badr City.

 

Cairo's Basic Information

Area:

Total Space: 3048.676 Km2

Inhabited Space: 188.982 Km2

 

Population:

According to the latest statistics on 1/7/2019 Cairo's population is  9.840591.

 

Currency:

Egyptian Pound

 

Language:

Official language: Arabic

Other languages: English & French