Ramses Square, the main gateway to the
Bab El-Hadid, El-Nahda Square, Ramses Square are the names of Cairo's longest and most crowded squares. It connects many of Cairo's main streets, such as Ghamra, Ramses, Faggala, Clot bey, Gomhuria, Sabbtia, Galaa, and Shubra.
The square was named after Ramses II, one of the Egyptian
pharaohs, whose statue used to stand in the middle of the square. Ramses Square or Bab El-Hadid is home to the central train station "Misr Station" connecting Egyptian cities. The original railway station was built in 1856
after Khedive Ismail signed an agreement with the English Government to
establish a railway line between Cairo and Alexandria.
National Railway Museum
Despite being the
most crowded and busiest place in Cairo, it is still a famous destination, as
it houses the National Railway Museum located on the eastern side of Ramses
The railway Museum
was built in 1932 to host the International Railway Conference in 1933. It was
the first of its kind in the whole world. The Museum has a fascinating
collection of engines, ornate carriages, and numerous models depicting railway
networks. It also has a private library that contains documents showing the
history of the railways in Egypt.
Ramses Square restoration
Cairo Governorate has taken a series of drastic
measures to restore the old square's heritage and reduce the traffic congestion
caused by the microbus stop and the street vendors. The first step was moving
the microbus stop to Ahmed Helmi Street. Police had also relocated all street
vendors. An intricate system of fences and blockades had also been erected to
direct and control the never-ending stream of pedestrian traffic that flows
through the square.